Tech Tips: Wheels and Tires

Original steel wheels

GAZ-24:

  • Rims: 5×14”
  • Lug pattern (PCD): 5×5.5” / 5×139,7 mm
  • Center bore: 108 mm
  • Zero offset

GAZ-24-10:

  • All the same, but 5½J×14” rims, and no nubs for the dog dish style hubcaps (this model had full wheel covers)

Original steel wheels are very tough and almost indestructible, in almost any case they can be restored to “like new” condition by cold rolling (find a shop that works with truck wheels) and sandblasting. I recommend powder coating for the finish, RAL 1013 Oyster White / Light Ivory looks very much like the original color.

Take notice that the Volga wheels are Lug Centric (explanation) and are centered by the torque of the lug nuts, rather than the center bore of the wheel. In fact, you’ll find that the center bore is not even circular on some of the wheels, it can have an almost pentagonal shape ! That is because it is not designed to fit tightly on the wheel hub flange.

These wheels cannot be accurately balanced with the center cone system (which has led to a myth that they cannot be accurately balanced at all, but that is not true), you’ll have to use the Lug Centric Mounting on the wheel balancer. The lug pattern is standard American and was used on older Ford, Jeep and Dodge trucks, so finding the suitable equipment should not be a problem.

There are also original GAZ alloy wheels, which look very much like Lincoln turbine-style wheels. They have been produced in the 1990s and are a rarity today, but still can be found.

Original tires

  • GAZ-24: 7,35×14”, bias-ply; models I-146, ID-195, AID-23 (668 mm o/a diameter)
  • GAZ-24-10: 205/70 14″, radial; model ID-220 (643 mm o/a diameter)

Possible alternative tires (all radials)

GAZ-24:

  • 195/80 14″ – very similar to the original tires in size, but somewhat hard to find
  • 185/80 14″ – slightly smaller than the original tires, but still ok
  • 195/75 14″ – similar to the previous
  • 205/70 14″ – may rub front suspension parts on some cars if mounted on wider 5.5″ rims, spacers required

GAZ-24-10:

  • 215/65 14″

Low profile 15 inch tires may be used together with GAZ-21 wheel disks which have the same bolt pattern. Some US Ford and Dodge trucks also use disks with the same bolt pattern, but these are not always compatible because of width, center bore diameter or offset.

The use of tubeless tires is strongly not recommended because the rims are not designed to properly keep such a tire in position (have no humps). Use a tube in a tubeless tire instead.


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